When Froilyn Mendoza was growing up in a small village in Mindanao, in the southern Philippines, she never imagined she would end up representing her people in a national peace process.
Froilyn is a Teduray woman. The Teduray are one of the 18 major indigenous tribal groups in Mindanao. Froilyn’s father was the first Teduray municipal secretary, and her mother was a schoolteacher.
Although traditionally girls’ education was not a priority among the Teduray - as girls usually drop out of school early to help their families - Froilyn’s parents encouraged her to study.
"I was very fortunate, the other women of my tribe were often not even able to read and write. They had to take care of the family, children or work in the fields."
After Froilyn finished college, she became involved in the community women’s organisation her mother had set up. By working tirelessly, she became a well-respected member of her community.
Along with many others, Froilyn and the Teduray have been severely affected by the long conflict in Mindanao between the Government of the Philippines and the Moro Islamic Liberation front (MILF). As Froilyn says:
"We've had 40 years of war, we've not developed because we've always been confronted with the conflict. I now want my children to live without fear."Throughout the last four decades, the Teduray have been marred by marginalisation, deprivation and violence. Indigenous people represent only around 10% of the population in the predominantly Muslim region of Bangsamoro. Being agriculturalists, the Teduray feel a strong attachment to their land. However, their ancestral lands are part of the territory claimed by the MILF.
In 2012, after more than a decade of peace talks, the possibility of a peace agreement between the Government of the Philippines and the MILF got closer. The Philippines Government invited the Teduray to nominate one representative to participate in the talks. They chose Froilyn. She became a part of the new Bangsamoro Transition Commission.
Froilyn was daunted by the huge responsibility she faced. "I never thought I would be selected. I didn’t ask for this, and I didn’t know if I could do it. I was so worried. How would I explain the indigenous peoples’ claims, to the MILF and to the Philippines Government? It’s not easy.”
Being a young, minority indigenous woman in the peace talks, in a largely patriarchal society, was not easy:
“I encountered resistance to the positions I was defending on behalf of my people. I had to make an effort to explain why these issues were important, and often felt unrecognised. For me, this was an opportunity to make sure that the rights of the Teduray and other indigenous groups would be included in the peace agreement, because the results of the negotiations will shape the life of the Teduray.”Froilyn heads the Teduray-Lambangian Women's Organisation, one of the eight partners of an EU-funded project run by UK-based NGO Conciliation Resources. The project supports civil society in Mindanao to actively participate in the transition of the Bangsamoro to a new self-governing entity, following the signing of a peace agreement in March 2014.
"This project has given me invaluable skills and confidence. It has provided me, and other indigenous women, with a platform to actively participate in the peace process. It is the first time for us indigenous women to travel to Manila, ride in a plane and talk with high-ranking officials in the Senate and Congress. We are now confident to be interviewed by the media, and present our views to the public.”Froilyn has ensured that the perspectives, experiences and aspirations of her people, and other indigenous groups, are included in the peace agreement and the governance structures for the new autonomous region. As she puts it: “this work has enabled the voices of indigenous groups to be heard”. Through her parents’ example and support, through the respect of the community towards her and through the support of Conciliation Resources, Froilyn has played a key role in one of the most innovative peace processes of the last decades.
Building peace in Mindanao through public participation in governance
The EU is funding this three-year project (2013-2016) run by Conciliation Resources, which is aimed at:
- Contributing to the drafting of a Basic Law for the Bangsamoro to ensure it responds to the needs and aspirations of all sectors of society.
- Promoting community security through dialogue in conflict-affected areas.
- Developing initiatives for dealing with the past, to heal the wounds of war and promote reconciliation for a better future for all.
This article is published as part of our support for International Women's Day, the global campaign celebrating the lives and contribution of women to society, and supporting the struggle for equal rights around the world.