1912: Serbia regains control of Kosovo, recognized by the
1913: Treaty of London.
1918: Following the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire after World War One (WW1), Kosovo becomes part of the Kingdom of Serbia.
1941: Germany invades and much of Kosovo becomes part of a greater Albania controlled by the Italians.
1946: Kosovo is absorbed into the Yugoslav federation and becomes communist.
1960: Belgrade shows increasing tolerance for Kosovan autonomy.
1974: Yugoslavian Constitution accords Kosovo autonomy and the status of a ‘federal autonomous unit.’
1981: Yugoslav troops sent in as Albanian students riot over poor living conditions in the province. Several deaths result and increasing anti-Serb sentiments prompt some non-Albanians to leave the region.
1987: Slobodan Milosevic is elected President in Serbia.
1989: A decade of rising Serb nationalism culminates in a mass rally, led by Serb leader Slobodan Milosevic, on the 600th anniversary of the Battle of Kosovo Field. Milosevic warns Serbs will never cede control of Kosovo.
1990: Kosovo's ethnic Albanian leaders declare independence from Yugoslavia in July. After declaring itself a Republic, a parallel education structure is created and non-violent civil disobedience campaigns are suppressed. Belgrade reacts by dissolving the province's government and sacking more than 100,000 ethnic Albanian workers. This leads to wide spread strike action across the remaining workforce.
1991: Croatia, Bosnia and Slovenia declare their independences from Yugoslavia.
1992 (July): Ibrahim Rugova is elected president of the self-proclaimed republic of Kosovo.
1992: War breaks out across the Balkans.
1997: As ethnic tension and armed unrest escalates, the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) is formed and begins to intimidate the non-Albanian population. This drives the minorities from their homes.
1998: The Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) guerrilla insurgency gathers pace, meeting with harsh Serbian reprisals.
1998 (Sept): NATO offers an ultimatum to President Milosevic to halt the crackdown on Kosovo Albanians.
1999 (June): NATO Air strikes are suspended after Milosevic agrees to withdraw troops. NATO forces arrive in Kosovo and the KLA agrees to disarm. Serb civilians flee revenge attacks.
2001: General elections in Kosovo see Ibrahim Rugova elected President and Bajram Rexhepi Prime Minister.
2003 (Oct): Kosovo Albanian and Serbian politicians meet for the first time since 1999.
2003 (Dec): The U.N. sets out its conditions for final status talks due in 2005.
2004: A fresh wave of anti –Serb violence and generalised insecurity leaves 19 dead.
2004 (Dec): Rugova is re-elected as President and former KLA commander Ramush Haradinaj is elected as Prime Minister.
2005 (July): A series of simultaneous bomb attacks go off near the UN, OSCE and Kosovo parliament buildings in Pristina. Attacks against minority groups continue.
2005 (Oct): U.N. Security Council gives go-ahead for final status talks to begin the following year.
2006 (Jan): President Rugova dies from lung cancer. He is succeeded by Fatmir Sejdiu.
2006 (Feb): Talks on the final status of Kosovo begin. They are brokered by U.N. special envoy, former Finnish President, Martti Ahtisaari.
2006 (Jul): Talks in Vienna fail to reach a breakthrough.
2006 (Oct): A Serbian referendum approves a new constitution that re-asserts Kosovo's status as part of the country. Kosovo's Albanian majority boycotts whilst allegations of massive fraud at polling stations are reported.
2007 (Feb): Special UN envoy Ahtisaari presents an independents plan for Kosovo under European Supervision. Russia threatens to veto the UN resolution. The plan is welcomed by Kosovo Albanians but rejected by Serbia.
2007 (Mar): Talks end in deadlock. Ahtisaari confirms it is now up to the UN Security Council to decide whether to grant the province independence.
2007 (Jun): Although Russia continues to oppose the resolution, U.S. President George Bush clearly states his support for Kosovo independence.
2007 (Nov): UN multi-party talks end with no compromise. Albanian leaders say province will declare independence shortly.
2008 (Feb): Kosovo declares independence.
2008 (Jun): After nine years of UN rule Kosovo’s constitution enters into force; transferring power to a majority Albanian government. Hardline Serbs convene their own rival assembly in the divided city of Mitrovica
2008 (July): 1.2bn Euros is pledged by international donors to help rebuild Kosovo.
2008 (Oct): The UN General Assembly grants Serbia's request to ask the International Court of Justice to consider if Kosovo's secession is legal.
2008 (Dec): EU police and justice mission (EULEX) deploys in Kosovo. Serbia accepts the mission.
2009 (Jan): Kosovo's launches a multi-ethnic Security Force under NATO supervision.
2009 (May): Kosovo joins the International Monetary Fund.
2009 (Jun): Kosovo joins the World Bank.
2009 (Jun): NATO decides to cut its presence in Kosovo from 14,000 to 10,000 peacekeeping troops.
2009 (Feb): UN War Crimes Court acquits former Serbian President Milan Milutinovic of ordering a ‘campaign of terror’ against Kosovo Albanians in the 1990s.
2009 (Apr): Serbian President Boris Tadic makes rare visit to Kosovo.
2009 (Apr): The deadline for parties to submit arguments to the International Court of Justice on the legality of Kosovo's declaration of independence passes.