Peacebuilding and gender / women: resources guide

Find here our selection of resources on peacebuilding, gender and women. If you have any suggestions for more resources, please add them in the comments at the end of this page.

Key Resources

Women Building Peace and Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict-affected Contexts

Women’s engagement in peacebuilding is recognized by many international institutions as a crucial element of recovery and conflict prevention—a fact reflected in Security Council resolution 1325 (2000), which commits the United Nations (UN) and its Member States to engaging women in conflict prevention and peacebuilding. The serious threat of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) during and after armed conflict is also recognized by the UN, as well as at the national level through national plans of action on SGBV.

Annalise Moser, UNIFEM, 2007. A lengthy report highlighting the importance of women within conflict affected communities, and concurrently arguing for the need to prevent sexual violence against women within these areas.

The Role of Women in Stabilization and Reconstruction

This report is based on a series of consultations under the auspices of the Working Group on the Role of Women in Stabilization and Reconstruction Operations, chaired by Harriet Hentges, former United States Institute of Peace executive vice president, and Harriet C. Babbitt, senior vice president of the Hunt Alternatives Fund…More than fifty experts from the U.S. government, and international and nongovernmental organizations were convened in 2004 and 2005 to identify best practices and select priority recommendations on the role of women in stabilization and reconstruction.

Camille Pampell Conaway, United Nations Institute of Peace (USIP), 2006. Guidance for US agencies on how to prioritize women in stabilization and reconstruction.

Women, War and Peace: The Independent Expert’s Assessment on the Impact of Armed Conflict on Women and Women’s Role in Peacebuilding

Women are victims of unbelievably horrific atrocities and injustices in conflict situations; this is indisputable. As refugees, internally displaced persons, combatants, heads of household and community leaders, as activists and peace-builders, women and men experience conflict differently. Women rarely have the same resources, political rights, authority or control over their environment and needs that men do. In addition, their caretaking responsibilities limit their mobility and ability to protect themselves.

Elisabeth Rehn and Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM), 2002. This report demonstrates that peace agreements and reconstruction work better when women are involved in the building process.

Women, gender and peacebuilding: do contributions add up?

The women and peacebuilding conversation has helped shift the frame from the assumption that women are first and foremost victims of war. It is true that women are among the most vulnerable during times of war and are also differently affected by conflict than other populations.

CDA, 2012. An attempt to find where and how women have made contributions that ‘add up’ to wider peace.

Mainstreaming Gender in Peacebuilding: a Framework for Action: From the Village Council to the Negotiating Table

Most approaches to peacebuilding have either ignored or marginalised issues of gender and women. Women consistently remain a minority of participants in peacebuilding projects; they receive less attention than men in peacebuilding policies; and gender analysis rarely informs peacebuilding strategies.

International Alert, 2000. This report introduces, in a clear manner, key concepts and definitions regarding gender and conflict.

Beyond Victimhood: Women’s Peacebuilding in Sudan, Congo and Uganda

Peacebuilding cannot succeed if half the population is excluded from the process. Crisis Group’s research in Sudan, Congo (DRC) and Uganda suggests that peace agreements, post-conflict reconstruction, and governance do better when women are involved. Women make a difference, in part because they adopt a more inclusive approach toward security and address key social and economic issues that would otherwise be ignored.

International Crisis Group, 2006. A short, accessible report overturning stereotypes, and reinforcing the importance of women in the peacebuilding process.

Women in Peacebuilding: Resource and Training Manual

Women Talk Peace, produced by The International Women's Tribune Centre (IWTC), is a series of radio productions that aim to raise awareness about the varied aspects of the United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325, which specifically addresses the impact of war on women and women's contributions to conflict resolution and sustainable peace.

Lisa Schirch, West African Network for Peacebuilding and Conflict Transformation, 2004. This paper examines the current concerns & tensions around women’s roles in peacebuilding.

A Window of Opportunity? Making Transitional Justice Work for Women

Transitional justice, the range of mechanisms employed to achieve redress for past human rights violations, has become a critical component of United Nations (UN) efforts to strengthen the rule of law post-conflict, as well as an integral element of the peacebuilding agenda in countries recovering from conflict.

Nahla Valji, UNIFEM, 2010. A lengthy report emphasising the need for justice systems to benefit women in post-conflict settings.

Women’s Participation in Peace Negotiations: Connections between Presence and Influence

A full decade after United Nations Security Council resolution 1325 (2000) was unanimously adopted, the striking absence of women from formal peace negotiations reveals a troubling gap between the aspirations of countless global and regional commitments and the reality of peace processes.

Pablo Castillo Diaz, UNIFEM, 2010. A report exploring women’s roles in peace negotiations in conflict-stricken areas.

Gender-Sensitive Police Reform in Post-Conflict Societies

In early 2007, the Government of India sent over 100 highly trained women police officers to the Republic of Liberia, as the first all-female United Nations (UN) peacekeeping contingent. Early reports suggest that their presence in Liberia is helping to bring Liberian women out, both to register their complaints and to join the Liberian police service. The unit is making security services more accessible to ordinary women in a country with high rates of gender-based violence, including sexual violence. The contingent is a bold example of the UN’s broad aspiration to implement gender-sensitive police reform in post-conflict States.

UNIFEM, 2007. A report demonstrating how security services should be made more accessible to women in areas with higher rates of gender based violence.

Further reading

Women and Armed Conflict from Women 2000: Gender Equality, Development and Peace for the Twenty-first Century

Division for the Advancement of Women, 2000. A webpage presenting an overview of the issues faced by women during armed conflict, whilst also highlighting the importance of not viewing women solely as victims of war.

Women, Peace and Security

United Nations Security Council, 2000. Reaffirms the role of women in preventing and resolving conflicts, and mandates UN member states to take steps to increase women’s participation in decision-making.

Women, Gender and Peacebuilding

Donna Pankhurst, Centre for Conflict Resolution, University of Bradford, 2000. A policy paper examining the relationship between gender and peacebuilding.

Women in War and Peace: Grassroots Peacebuilding

Donna Ramsey Marshall, USIP, 2000. A report outlining the benefits of grassroots women’s peacebuilding.

What Women Want: Planning and Financing for Gender-Responsive Peacebuilding

Hanny Cueva-Beteta and Limon B. Rodriguez, UNIFEM, 2008. A report addresses a wide range of questions in the broad area of planning and financing for gender equality in post-conflict settings.

The Vital Role of Women in Peacebuilding

Hunt Alternatives Fund: The Institute for Inclusive Security (IIS). A webpage outlining the role of women in reaching sustainable peace.

Women Talk Peace

International Women’s Tribune Centre (IWTC). Radio productions on UN Security Council Resolution 1325.

Women and Gender Issues: Women, Gender, and Peacebuilding Processes

Peacebuilding Initiative. A webpage examining different dimensions of gender equality and peace.

Gender, Conflict and Development

Tsjeard Bouta, Georg Frerks and Ian Bannon, World Bank, 2005. A paper displaying the links between gender, conflict and development.

Gender and Peacebuilding Portal

USIP. A range of resources on gender and peacebuilding.

Overview of Women, Peace and Security Compendium

UNIFEM, 2007. A collection of UNIFEM publications providing a range of material to support the improved implementation of Resolution 1325.

World Development Report 2011: Gender Equality and Development

World Bank, 2011. An accessible report exploring the links between gender equality and development.

Women, Religion, and Peace: Experience, Perspectives, and Policy Implications

Berkley Center for Religion, Peace & World Affairs.This includes a report from United States Institute of Peace (USIP) and a rich lode of interviews on women working for peace, and faith dimensions


Gender Action for Peace and Security (GAPS) UK-based organisation that conducts advocacy for the inclusion of gender perspectives in UK security policies.

Global Network of Women Peacebuilders (GNWP) The website of the GNWP – an organization aiming to bridge the gap between policy discussions and implementation and action on the ground on women, peace and security issues.

Women in Peacebuilding Network (WIPNET) The Women in Peacebuilding Network (WIPNET) Programme aims to build the capacity of women to enhance their roles in peacebuilding and post conflict reconstruction in West Africa.

Womankind Human rights organisation supporting local women’s groups in Africa, Asia and Latin America, often in countries affected by conflict.

Georgetown Institute for Women, Peace and Security A new Georgetown University Institute supports scholarship, research and outreach on Women, Peace and Security. Housed at the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service and led by the Honorable Melanne Verveer, the Institute will bring together partners across the university and leverage Georgetown’s intellectual resources, location and leadership in knowledge production on international affairs. US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton announced the formation of the Institute as she unveiled the US National Action Plan on Women, Peace and Security during an address at Georgetown’s Gaston Hall on December 19, 2011.


Peace Summit 2009 - Women and Peace Building

gyalwarinpoche, 2010.

UPF Assembly 2007 - Women In Peace-Building

kpickard7, 2007.