My background: peacebuilding and human rights
My name is Bouyo Séverin. Born and raised in Chad, I studied political philosophy as an undergraduate and have MAs in Human Rights and several certificates from the UN Peace Operations Training Institute. I also studied Human Rights Education at the Catholic University of Central Africa.
My background is in communications, monitoring and evaluation and project management. I've worked with a variety of organisations in Chad, including the Chadian League for Human Rights, Management Systems International, Counterpart International and Care International. I have worked at the UNDP and also spent two years teaching international humanitarian law at the High Francophone Polytechnic Institute of N’Djamena.
Challenges in Chad
Over the course of the last few decades in Chad, political instability has stunted the economic and social development of Chad. It has also had a negative impact on peacebuilding. However, with the country enjoying a period of relative peace after the signing of peace accords with Sudan, hope is being revived.
Nevertheless, despite this relative stability, Chad is still dealing with cross-community conflicts affecting most of the country, particularly in its border regions. The causes of these conflicts are essentially linked to access to and control of natural resources between different groups of people.
The impact on Chad of the crises in Libya, the Central African Republic and Sudan has affected the already vulnerable situation of many communities, worsening the conflicts between them.
Indeed, in Chad’s fragile security context, reintegrating Chadian citizens returning from Libya and the Central African Republic will be a key challenge. Other marginalised groups, including young unemployed people and ex-combatants, will also need to be accounted for.
There are many other issues of concern - and hope - in Chad. These include:
- Disputes between agricultural and livestock farmers. This is a long-term problem and forms part of continuing discussions in the National Assembly.
- On-going fighting between the Chadian army and Boko Haram.
- Efforts by religious leaders and civil society organisations to prevent violent extremism in Chad.
- The development of the electoral process this year, which has begun in a climate of tension between the parties concerned.
- The challenge of ensuring peaceful cohabitation between those returning from CAR and the local population in the south, and between Nigerian refugees and the local population in the south and west.
- The question of motorcyclists having to wear crash helmets. The issue has led to several violent protests in Chad.
In addition, I will be seeking to explore a range of topics and publish articles on the impact of Boko Haram, the contribution made by civil society to conflict prevention in Chad – in particular, religious, traditional and customary authorities – and the refugee issues mentioned above. The challenges of building peace in Chad are many and varied, but so are the people working to address them.