Research this month
Positive Peace Report 2015
This report introduces new thinking and evidence about Positive Peace, defined as the attitudes, institutions and structures which create and sustain peaceful societies. These same factors also lead to many other positive outcomes, such as strong business environments, higher levels of well-being and gender equality. Therefore, Positive Peace describes an optimal environment under which human potential can flourish.
Positive Peace Report 2015, from the Institute for Economics and Peace, compares indicators of "positive peace" in 162 countries. By looking at social factors that have a high correlation with the absence of violence, such as well-functioning government, respect for human rights, and low corruption, the report aims to be a quantitative measure of positive peace and rank countries accordingly.
Relief as a neutral form of aid or a political-communal mobilization? Doing politics in emergencies and war and the politics of aid in Lebanon
While international humanitarian organizations imagined aid as separate from politics, local aid and politics during the July War formed and informed each other.
Doing politics in emergencies and war and the politics of aid in Lebanon explores issues of neutrality that arise in providing humanitarian aid during times of conflict. The paper looks at the example of Lebanon during the conflict in 2006, and highlights the tensions between local and international approaches and perspectives.
Preventing conflict, transforming justice, securing the peace: a global study on the implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325
Much of the progress toward the implementation of resolution 1325 continues to be measured in ‘firsts,’ rather than as standard practice. Obstacles and challenges still persist and prevent the full implementation of the women, peace and security agenda.
Preventing conflict, transforming justice, securing the peace, from UN Women, looks back on the 15 years since UN Security Council Resolution 1325 was adopted in October 2000. UNSCR 1325 was intended to increase women's participation in peace processes. The research provides an extensive review of its implementation and identifies successes, challenges, and opportunities for improvement.
The deeper struggle over country ownership
Faced with this sweeping trend of pushback against external aid for civil society, the aid community is only starting to formulate a response. The instinct of some practitioners is to pull back – to retreat to the safer ground of old approaches when aid went only to governments or organisations chosen by the national government to be aid recipients.
The deeper struggle over country ownership, from OECD, gives a short overview of the development of the concept of "ownership". The paper explores how different definitions can lead to conflicting approaches, particularly between those that prioritise assisting governments and approaches that support civil society.