Oxlajuj Ajpop offers legal support and advice to the families which, due to fear of retribution and social pressure, have never exhumed their relatives killed in the war. Psychological counselling is also offered based on concepts from the Mayan Cosmovision, with the intent of instilling human rights values and peace, and displacing fear.
Oxlajuj Ajpop began to work with indigenous peoples after the peace treaty was signed in Guatemala in 1996. After witnessing the erosion of the traditional Mayan social structure, the organisation began with the aim of assisting the rebuilding of social fabric through supporting the principle values of the Mayan culture. It strives to maintain the remaining structure of Mayan authority and spirituality and strengthen the position of local leaders inherent to Mayan culture.
Oxlajuj Ajpop promotes the rehabilitation of Mayan social structures through participating in and hosting forums, seminars and training sessions for local leaders and authorities. It provides education to raise the status and spread recognition of sacred Mayan sites, to promote the conservation of knowledge of natural medicines, and to promote the protection of the natural environment.