07 Septembre 2016: Un nouveau programme de consolidation de la paix par Interpeace a lancé dans le comté de Mandera, Kenya donne l’occasion aux voix locales à inclure dans un processus de consolidation de la paix à long terme. Cela écarte les réponses précédentes à court terme que stopper le conflit en cours, écrit Philip Emase.

[Légende id = « attachment_55845 » align = « aligncenter » width = « 525 »] Hassan Ismail (right) was once victim to the conflict he is supporting local people to solve in Kenya through a new project run by Interpeace. Image: Interpeace Hassan Ismail (à droite) a été une fois victime du conflit, il soutient les populations locales à résoudre au Kenya grâce à un nouveau projet géré par Interpeace. Crédit image : Interpeace / [caption]

[vedette] Comté de Mandera a une longue histoire de conflits de clan et marginalisation [/standout] Hassan Ismail aime plaisanter que la trajectoire de sa vie a été définie par le conflit. Né et élevé dans le comté de Mandera au Kenya, Hassan a connu les conflits violents clan plusieurs fois dans sa vie.

À deux reprises alors qu’il était un enfant sa famille a été fouillé dans les épisodes violents du conflit, perdre leur tout troupeau de chameaux et, avec elle, leurs moyens de subsistance. La deuxième attaque qui s’est déroulée quand Hassan était un adolescent s’est avérée la plus dévastatrice. Père de Hassan, connu dans son premier comme un homme de famille travailleur, n’a pas pu placer la famille retour sur ses pieds en raison des faiblesses de l’âge. La vie est devenue une lutte difficile. Mais par pure volonté, Hassan a été capable de battre son chemin à travers l’école et de s’engager dans une vie de service à la communauté. Il a travaillé comme instituteur, humanitaire, travailleur de l’aide et coordonne désormais le nouveau programme de consolidation de la paix de Interpeace à Mandera.

Hassan s’empresse de préciser que son expérience n’est pas unique. Son histoire sonne vrai pour de nombreuses personnes du comté de Mandera, qui a eu une longue histoire de conflits de clan et de la marginalisation. Alors que de nombreux conflits ont été traditionnellement enracinés dans les différends territoriaux, qu’ils ont dans les dernières décennies été aggravées par compétition sur les perspectives politiques et économiques.

Une nouvelle constitution adoptée en 2010 a marqué le début du Kenya seconde République et avec elle une nouvelle ère de la gouvernance décentralisée. L’avènement de la déconcentration a été bien accueillie par de nombreux habitants de Mandera, qui étaient optimistes que leur marginalisation historique parvienne enfin à sa fin. Mais la dévolution a apporté des ressources nationales, de services sociaux et de gouvernance plus proche à la population locale, mais également fourni une nouvelle frontière pour la discorde entre divers clans du comté pour le pouvoir politique et économique.

[Légende id = « attachment_55845 » align = « aligncenter » width = « 525 »] Members of the new Mandera programme in a discussion. Image: Interpeace Membres de la nouvelle Mandera programme lors d’une discussion. Crédit image : Interpeace / [caption]

Un nouveau projet, une nouvelle approche

[vedette] « de nombreux efforts de paix étaient unstainable parce que voix locales manquait dans l’équation » [/standout] c’est au milieu de ces défis, programme de consolidation de la paix de cette Interpeace Mandera vise à fournir une lueur d’espoir. Mis en œuvre en partenariat avec la cohésion nationale et la Commission de l’intégration (INCC) du Kenya, du programme vise à intégrer les aspirations populaires pour la paix, s’appuyant sur les capacités locales et en fournissant un lien stratégique avec décision et les décideurs au niveau national. Le programme marque une rupture des dernières initiatives de paix, qui ont été en grande partie descendante des interventions mobilisées pour contenir les situations qui avaient déjà dégénéré en violences.

« De nombreux efforts de paix étaient unstainable, parce que les voix locales manquait dans l’équation, », explique Hassan.

Prenant une approche bottom-up, le programme de Mandera cherche à construire progressivement la paix en plaçant les populations locales dans son siège, en particulier dans l’identification des deux obstacles à la paix et des solutions possibles. L’INCC complète le tableau en fournissant le canal essentiel grâce auquel le gouvernement comprendra mieux les causes sous-jacentes de ces conflits entre les clans.

Une des façons dont voix locales est capturées est à travers l’unité visuelle Audio du Mobile (MAVU). Interpeace a des décennies d’expérience dans l’utilisation des moyens audiovisuels, principalement de cinéma ambulant, à instaurer la confiance et la compréhension entre les communautés divisées par le conflit ou l’éloignement géographique. Le MAVU consiste à dialogues facilitées, catalysées par le biais de films documentaires, qui servent en outre à porter la voix des populations locales à l’attention des décideurs.

« L’occasion pour le gouvernement à percevoir les conflits dans la perspective des gens populaires fera une grande différence, » dit Hassan. « Il ouvrira la voie pour le développement des structures à long terme pour la paix, construite et approuvée par le peuple au niveau local. »

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Hassan Ismail story is a real life situation. He understands better than any other politician the cause of local conflicts in Mandera and Horn of Africa. He is sincere humanitarian peacekeeper whose insight into conflict mitigation can yelled fruits if implemented and supported. He is a asset for interpeace. Let me wish interpeace and Hassan all the best. Regards Adan UNAMID

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